It is a comprehensive and readable account of the war. The Hampshire Regiment formed the following Massachusetts Militia units on 27 May 1775 for service at Boston: Danielson's Battalion., Fellows' Battalion, Patterson's Battalion. Campaigns. Draftees built up the unit to full peacetime strength, and modified training was begun. In the eight days from July 18 to July 25, 1918, the 104th Infantry was to pass through a crucible of fire and steel. It uses the same narrative and maps as the 1945 product, but augments them with collected personal photos and U.S. Signal Corps photos to create a yearbook-style history. Hello Russ – Mass National Guard Museum in Worcester was very helpful with a record for my grandfather John R MacDonald (McDonald) of the 104th MG Company. Tag: 104th Infantry Regiment. He had seen it as his Company K of the 104th Infantry Regiment moved up to the front lines just outside Rodalbe, France, with the Army’s 26th Yankee Division … They’re all here, all 192 of them. The 104th Infantry Regiment was raised in 1639 as the Hampshire Regiment in Springfield, MA. The coat of arms was originally approved for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1926-11-05. Sep 9, 1944 Yankee Division, 104th Infantry Regiment – 26th Infantry Div. In April 1918, the troops from Springfield, Massachusetts achieved a distinction never before won by American troops in the entire history of our armed forces. ), Passega, General. History of a Combat Regiment 1639–1945. by - 27/09/2020. The artillery fire also was of great aid in stemming that first tide. "[9] "Epieds is reached by a valley from the south through which runs the main road. Thus, the 104th Infantry became the very first American unit to be honored by a foreign country for exceptional bravery in combat. The coat of arms was originally approved for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1926-11-05. Silver Star Medal". Description: 1. Inactivated 29 December 1945 at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts. 104th Infantry Regiment Monument to honor this famous unit with roots going back to before the Revolutionary War and served in the famous New England 26th Infantry Division "Yankee Division". Symbolism: The insignia is the shield and motto of the coat of arms of the 104th Infantry. Includes unit pictures down to the company level and a fold-out panoramic of the entire YD on review at Camp Devens in 1919. (A volume of Signal Corps photographs and a narrative history of the YD in WWI. The 104th Infantry Division was recognized as a liberating unit by the US Army's Center of Military History and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1988. There it relieved the British 49th Division & joined the First British Corps, First Canadian Army. It was the first time such an honor had ever come to an American unit. 26th Infantry Regiment. They came on relentlessly, but that assault wave of storm troops failed to dislodge the men of Western Massachusetts. 1st Battalion 104th Infantry Regiment was inactivated on 1 December 2005, and the remaining units were reconstituted and consolidated into the 1st Battalion, 181st Infantry Regiment. K Co., under the command of First Lieutenant George Hosmer of Springfield, MA., performed this operation successfully. 786 received this high award, 96 were posthumous. It was created in Austria during occupation duty in 1945 and copies were distributed to all members of the regiment. See more ideas about infantry, world war two, wwii. "[7] "...the days succeeding July 18th showed us how deadly our fire had been. ), The Hampshire Regiment expanded on 16 November 1748 to form the 1st (South) Hampshire Regiment (i.e. Redesignated 1 May 1959 under the Combat Arms Regimental System as the 1st Battle Group, 104th Infantry. [The 104th] got into the village. This is my story as told in the letters I wrote home. ." It was redesignated for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08 under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS). Hartford: Case Lockwood and Brainard, 1934. During this time, the 104th Infantry had furnished cadres of trained personnel to form the nucleus of new units being formed. (This is a theater-produced history of the 104th Infantry Regiment in WWII. Including a collection. 'Ryan.The Red circle on the outside is an "O", also for "O'Ryan". Home Tags 104th Infantry Regiment. Boston: Cornhill, 1919. HQ COMPANY, 101st ENGINEER REGIMENT . Corporal Donald W. Schlager served with the 26th Infantry Division, 104th Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion, Headquarters Company, Anti-Tank platoon, 2nd Squad. Also, the Massachusetts State House mural "Decoration of the Colors of the 104th United States Infantry," painted in 1927 by Richard Andrew. Brigade Commanders were designated at the same time as follows: During this period the following changes occurred among officers commanding organizations and in the divisional staff: Colonel W. C. Hayes was succeeded by Colonel G. H. Shelton in command of 104th Infantry, January 2, 191 S. Colonel E. L. Isbell was succeeded by Colonel J. H. Parker in command of the 102nd Infantry, January 11, 1918. The European Theater of Operations. The trenches were in poor condition, there was inadequate protection against shelling, and the marshy land made trench drainage difficult. Very exciting! The 104th Infantry Regiment became the 3rd Brigade, 26th Infantry Division, headquartered in Springfield, Massachusetts. John A. Talarico The position of the Twenty-sixth Division was as follows: the extreme right was held by the 101st Infantry, facing north. It moved into defensive positions in the vicinity of Wuestwezel, Belgium, 23 October 1944, and went over to the, offensive on the 26th, taking Zundert, gaining control of the Breda-Roosendaal Road and overrunning Vaart Canal defenses. Roberts said: "The credit belongs to the men of the battalion, General, not to me." "[12], "The 104th continued to fight with courage and valor until the end of the war. previous The "per chevron" division of the shield represents the "Bloody Angle" at. Redesignated 30 September 1921 as the 104th Infantry Regiment, an element the 26th Division (later redesignated as the 26th Infantry Division). History of the Yankee Division. In 1914 the sector had seen violent fighting, but as the war of attrition developed, it became moderately quiet with a sort of tacit understanding between the opposing forces to permit the situation to remain unchanged. Luxembourg American Cemetery 50, Val du Scheid . This website was created to accurately portray and preserve the World War II history of the 104th Infantry Division, to recognize the contribution of the 34,000 men who proudly wore the Timberwolf shoulder insignia and to honor the memory of those gallant men who perished in battle. Nobody dreamed that the encounters [beginning on July 18, 1918] had marked a turning-point of the war—that with the forward rush on that brilliant morning. The cross of St. George recalls Revolutionary War service. was organized in 1917. Boston: Brandon, 1968. "[10], On the morning of 24 July 1918, the 104th Regiment again faced the task of retaking Epieds. Brief History of the 26th Division in Pictures, published by the "Committee of Welcome" appointed by the Governor of Massachusetts, Hon. Apremont!The name spells horror and glory for the 104th. (Reinforced by elements of 6th and 8th Massachusetts Infantry.). In an impressive ceremony occurring in a field near Boucq on 28 April 1918, the 104th Infantry's regimental flag was decorated with the Croix de Guerre by French General Fenelon F.G. Passaga. Print. Flank (Volunteer Militia) companies in Federal Service September–October 1814 as elements of the Elite Brigade at Boston. ), Cole, Hugh M. The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. 87th Infantry Regiment The division was instead based around three regiments; the 101st Infantry Regiment, the 104th Infantry Regiment, and the 328th Infantry Regiment. Then it was back to the grind of training replacements. Activated in 1942, the 104th Infantry Division landed in France in September 1944, a few months after the Allied invasion of western Europe on D-Day (June 6, 1944). At first the Germans secured a foothold in some advanced trenches which were not strongly held but, thereafter, sturdy counterattacks by the 104th Infantry—at the point of the bayonet and in hand-to-hand combat—succeeded in driving the enemy out with serious losses, entirely re-establishing the American line. In the distance, grim and desolate Mont Sec loomed up as a splendid vantage point from which the enemy could observe the American positions. Silver Star Awards. Reorganized 1 October 1995 to consist of the 1st Battalion (Light Infantry), element of the 26th Infantry Brigade, 29th Infantry Division. 104th Infantry Division. Subscribe to 104th Infantry Regiment, 26th Division Footer menu. PFC Benjamin Kaplow US ARMY, 26th Infantry (Yankee Division) 104th Regiment, WWII I was drafted into World War 11 right out of high school in 1943. It was redesignated for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08, under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS). Also assigned to the division w…

Zevenbergen was Lineage and Honors Information as of 30 September 2005, Constituted 24 June 1921 in the Organized Reserves as the 415th Infantry … These men gave their lives which was and still is the greatest sacrifice. "[10], The entire 52nd Brigade, including the 104th Regiment, attacked Epieds twice on 22 July 1918, only to be pushed back both times with heavy casualties from German machine gun fire. The insignia was amended on 1968-06-19 to include the motto scroll. Baton Rouge: Army and Navy, 1960. ), Historical & Pictoral Review National Guard of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 1939. Boston: Ball, 1920. Soldiers' Mail, "Letters Home from a Yankee Doughboy 1916-1919, Aisne-Marne Offensive" (July 1918). The division was instead based around three regiments; the 101st Infantry Regiment, the 104th Infantry Regiment, and the 328th Infantry Regiment. "Papergrouping with hand drawings of other GI's of Forward Observer Robert G. Blackhart, 26th Infantry Division, 104th Infantry Regiment." Reorganized 11 November 1868 in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 2nd Regiment of Infantry. Bronislaw Dubileski. Apr 21, 2020 - Explore Philip Barnett's board "U.S. 26th Infantry Division", followed by 1079 people on Pinterest. -- January 15, 1945 near Wiltz, Luxembourg. On June 24th-28th the Division was relieved by the 82nd Division (less artillery, machine gun units, and one infantry regiment) and the 154th Division, French) less one infantry regiment. The 104th was in the Belleau Wood, facing east and northeast, and the 103d Infantry, north of Lucy de Bocage, faced north and northeast on [the Americans'] extreme left. ), The 1st Hampshire Regiment expanded 1 January 1763 to form the 1st Hampshire Regiment (near Springfield,) and the Berkshire Regiment, (Northampton and west, encompassing the relatively recently settled Berkshires.). Here began the long hard grind of training which was to cover five army posts and a maneuver area. Inducted into federal service 16 January 1941 at Springfield, Massachusetts. United States Army in World War II. The Hampshire Regiment expanded on 16 November 1748 to form the 1st (South) Hampshire Regiment (i.e. Elements were on patrol duty along the coast from Carteret to Siouville, 13-30 September, and the 328th Infantry saw action with the 80th Division to which it was attached, 5-15 October. (Springfield newspaper man wrote this comprehensive history of the 104th Infantry Regiment from the organization in Westfield from the existing Mass. [The] 52nd Brigade HQ was established at La Loge Farm, and the 26th Division HQ was moved up to Chamigny. ), Benwell, Harry A. [There was] stiff German resistance along the "Berta Line" in the area of Epieds, which included orders for enemy artillery to contaminate the front line with mixed gas of all types. It was a severe test of arms in which much technique of warfare was forgotten by the green Yanks who nevertheless battled vigorously and effectively to beat back the veteran enemy. The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved on 1926-11-04 for the 104th Infantry Regiment. Massachusetts Army and the American Revolution. Yet another great Yankee Division photo for my collection; this shot shows a 104th Infantry Regiment soldier wearing his unit designation on his cap. Elements were on patrol duty along the coast from Carteret to Siouville, 13-30 September, and the 328th Infantry saw action with the 80th Division to which it was attached, 5-15 October. Pictoral History of the Twenty-Sixth Division United States Army.

104th Infantry Division. Print. gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States. The six mullets symbolize the six major engagements during World War I. Norwood, MA: Little Brown and, 1919. Occupants of the outposts had the usual mission of fighting to the last man with no hope of reinforcement. Team 100 pays special tribute to the U.S. 104th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry "Yankee" Division, Massachusetts National Guard — The Nation's First, wearing the 26th Infantry "Yankee" Division distictive YD shoulder insignia and Croix de Guerre. Reorganized 1 March1963, to consist of two battalions assigned to the 3rd Brigade of the 26th Division. The troops [of the 104th] in front of the village and on both sides attacked together, forcing the Germans to evacuate quickly. Continued below: The First American Croix de Guerre to be awarded to an entire regiment. Die 26. Despite the relentless bombardments by German artillery, no major infantry engagements occurred. There were no trenches in the area of the front, little wire and no shelters (dugouts). After World War I broke out, the site was reactivated for the 104th Infantry Regiment of the 26th Yankee Division and was renamed Camp Bartlett. 22 received an Oak Leaf Cluster. On July 16–17 [1918] another 7,000 rounds of high explosive fell in the Divisional sector. It was redesignated for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08, under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS). Awesome WWI / WWII era 104th Infantry Regiment, 26th Division pin. A day late and a dollar short.. 'Massachusetts own 104th U.S. Infantry Regiment', published and distributed under the Auspices of the 104th U.S. Infantry Regiment Veterans' Association. But nevertheless, one of the more in... teresting photographs I have encountered while researching the 26th Infantry Division. On August 27, 1944, the 104th sailed for a destination which proved to be Cherbourg, France."[13]. St. Mihiel American Cemetery Route de Verdun 54470 . COMPANY C, 26th DIVISION TRAIN. This photo was taken in Wiltz, Luxembourg, january 6, 1945. ), Cole, Hugh M. The Lorraine Campaign. The 104th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.Today, it is known as the 104th Training Division (Leader Training) and based at Fort Lewis, Washington, as a training unit of the United States Army Reserve.. Constituted 2 February 1901 in the Regular Army as the 26th Infantry Organized 22 February 1901 with Headquarters at Fort McPherson, Georgia Soon the Germans got the range and began heavily shelling Epieds and [the 104th] withdrew to the hills, the Germans taking possession of the village under the protection of artillery fire and bringing in more machine guns. The file designation for operation reports or after action reports for the 104th is 326-INF(104)-0.3, and the file designation for its history is 326-INF(104)-0. and Woodbridge's Battalion. In addition the regimental commander and 116 other officers and men had the bronze cross with its red and green ribbon pinned on their breasts. ), Massachusetts Army and the American Revolution, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Infantry regiments of the United States Army National Guard, 1639 establishments in the Thirteen Colonies, Military units and formations established in the 1630s, Organizations based in Springfield, Massachusetts, Military units and formations disestablished in 2005. 27th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia. Roberts was promoted to the rank of major for the splendid manner in which he had handled his battalion. Belleau Wood itself was a forest of horror from the hard fighting earlier in June [1918] involving the Marines; equipment, unburied bodies and severed limbs were found still strewn everywhere and hanging in trees with the smell of death and decay heavy in the air. "[3], "By July 4 [1918], the entire [26th] Division moved up to the front in the area also known as the Pas Fini Sector ('Unfinished Sector'), where the 52nd Infantry Brigade relieved the U.S. Marine Brigade from the area of Belleau Wood and Torcy as far to the northwest as Bussiares on the left side of the line. Indian Wars and disturbances are indicated by the Indian arrowhead. ; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917. (Hampshire and Berkshire) Volunteer Light Infantry Companies. This Medal was also given to Captain George Roberts, and the bronze frame was specially cast with the infantry tools of the day around the frame. During the American Revolution (1775-1783) the Hampshire Regiment formed the following Continental Army units: 1st Massachusetts Regiment, 13th Massachusetts Regiment, Porter's Regiment. ; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917. Has "104" and the Cross of Lorraine on it. Cooper died on January 5, 1945, likely while his unit was involved in advancing on the Wiltz River. They fought as a part of General Patton s Third US Army. near Northampton and west. Shortly thereafter, the division commander, Major General C. R. Edwards, called a press conferenceto determine a nickname for the newly formed division. Reorganized and federally recognized 29 November 1946 at Springfield, Massachusetts. Horace Thorne served with the 89th Calvary Reconnaissance Squadron during the Battle of the Bulge. Both Dad and his regiment experienced many firsts while fighting in the European Theater of Operations. The 52nd Brigade's initial objective was to take the Torcy-Belleau-Givry Railroad from Givry to Bouresches. Mustered into Federal service 25 March 1917 at Westfield, Massachusetts. Outlines the combat operations in the Lorraine in WWII. Attached below the shield a motto scroll inscribed. Inactivated 29 December 1945 at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts. Company E, 104th Infantry Regiment." What a great image! The divisional commander, Gen. Edwards drove up to battalion headquarters and seeing Capt. This was the initial sustained action by the YD in the war. (Massachusetts Volunteer Militia redesignated 15 November 1907 as the Massachusetts National Guard). They gave the most precious thing they had, leaving their fathers, mothers, brothers and sisters back at their homes in the United States. This time the French on the American's left fell back, exposing the left flank of the Yanks. In a general order issued a few days after the Bois Brule engagements, the French general Passaga declared: "During this fight the American troops gave proof not only of their splendid courage, which we know, but also of a brotherhood in arms which was absolute and ever present. The crenelated portion of the torch is representative of Spanish War service. The shield is white and blue – the old and the present Infantry colors. Indian Wars and disturbances are indicated by the Indian arrowhead. Attached below the shield a motto scroll inscribed. United States Army site with description of insignia and coat of arms. United States Army in World War II. On 5 April the shelling grew in intensity and for the following four days the area was severely pounded by the enemy artillery. Symbolism: The insignia is the shield and motto of the coat of arms of the 104th Infantry. Redesignated 30 September 1921 as the 104th Infantry Regiment, an element the 26th Division (later redesignated as the 26th Infantry Division). First formed on 14 November 1639 as the Springfield Train Band, at Springfield, Massachusetts. The 104th Infantry Regiment traces its history to 14 November 1639, when it was first mustered as the Springfield Train Band in Springfield, Massachusetts. 26th Infantry Division “Yankee Division” Back to all Infantry Divisions. Its men were to write sagas of sacrifice, devotion and heroism. 104th Infantry Regiment World War II Historical Re-Enactment Group, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=104th_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States)&oldid=979150937, 1639 establishments in the Thirteen Colonies, Infantry regiments of the United States Army National Guard, Infantry regiments of the United States Army, Military units and formations disestablished in 2005, Military units and formations established in 1639, Organizations based in Springfield, Massachusetts, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2012, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles needing cleanup from February 2014, Articles with sections that need to be turned into prose from February 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In 1662 the unit was formed into the Hampshire Regiment of the Massachusetts Militia. In March 1942 replacements joined the regiment to bring it to full war-time strength and the 104th was sent to patrol and coast from North Carolina and Key West, Florida. 26th Infantry "Yankee" Division. gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States. To the men who remained with the 104th throughout, all this training and retraining became very monotonous and tedious. The 102d Infantry lay along a roll of hills, its line extending a little beyond Bouresches; the regiment facing almost east. Print. The men are from the 104th infantry regiment of the 26th “Yankee” Division, and in this painted scene they become the first American military unit to have its colors (flag) decorated by a foreign government. ), Gissen, Max, ed. Reorganized 31 March 1920 in the Massachusetts National Guard at Springfield, Massachusetts, as the 104th Infantry. . On 15 March 1942 the 104th Infantry Division Mantova was raised in Verona, ... On 26 September 1943 the division gave up part of the 11th Artillery Regiment to help form the Italian 1st Motorized Group under the command of the 58th Infantry Division Legnano, which was to aid in the allied war effort. Major A. Ashworth succeed… Following organization and training, the 104th left the U.S. and arrived in the ETO 7 September 1944 to begin their overseas World War II service. Mehr ansehen 107th Infantry Regiment. Andrew J. Peters, Official Welcome Home Programme, 25 April 1919. This original band trained on the highlands, which George Washington later selected as the site of the United States National Armory. Lloyd Spencer of Portland, Oregon. (After the American Revolution, Hampshire County was split into three separate counties, currently administered by two different New England states – Hampden County, Massachusetts, with a capital at the City of Springfield; Hartford County, Connecticut, with a capital at the City of Hartford, and the current Hampshire County, Massachusetts, with a capital at the college town of Northampton. See More The 26th Infantry Division landed in France at Cherbourg and Utah Beach, 7 September 1944, but did not enter combat as a Division until a month later, 7 October. The 1-414th Infantry Regiment is currently an Army Reserve Drill Sergeant Unit headquartered in Eugene, Oregon. Soldiers' Mail, "Letters from a Yankee Doughboy 1916-1919, Champagne-Marne Defensive June–July 1918,", Soldiers' Mail, "Letters Home from a Yankee Doughboy 1916-1919, Aisne-Marne Offensive (July 1918),". Alfred Lord Tennyson, ". Mustered into Federal service 25 March 1917 at Westfield, Massachusetts. See More. December 18, 2020 at 6:21 AM ... 1945 the following soldiers of the US 26th Infantry Division were Killed in Action, while fighting for our freedom in occupied Europe. First formed on 14 November 1639 as the Springfield Train Band, at Springfield, Massachusetts. ), Connole, Dennis A. 1st and 2nd Hampshire Regiments and Berkshire Regiment reorganized 29 November 1772 as the 9th Division. The 104th was assigned to the 26th Division (nicknamed the Yankee Division) which was formed from National Guard units from New England. ), Westbrook, Stillman F. Those Eighteen Months. The 104th Infantry Regiment was raised in 1639 as the Hampshire Regiment in Springfield, MA. The cross of St. George recalls Revolutionary War service. The ceremony conducted at the Ludlow Veterans Day Ceremony honored the 104th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry "Yankee" Division, Massachusetts National Guard — The Nation's First.

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His experiences as a part of General Patton s third us Army a volume of Signal Corps photographs and narrative... Were fired on by machine guns and artillery of the coat of was... First time such an honor had ever come to an entire Regiment. succeeding July 18th showed us how our. Highlands, which George Washington later selected as the 26th Infantry Division Yankee... `` letters Home from a Yankee Doughboy 1916-1919, Aisne-Marne Offensive '' ( July ). Had revealed courage and valor until the end of the 104th man wrote comprehensive... Shelters ( dugouts ) 1963, to consist of two battalions assigned the! In which he had handled his Battalion cited in a General order of the YD the. Answered: `` You would say that. but that assault wave of storm troops failed dislodge... European theater of operations later, in Westfield from the founding throughout.... The YD played a pivotal role in the European theater of operations in the war and got wounded in on., 1st and 2nd battalions are consolidated to form the 1st Battle Group, 104th Infantry at Apremont lay the!

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