Published quarterly at $20.00 per year. Christ died for each equally. The first thing to understand is what exactly Western Culture and Eastern Culture means. Noun 1. America, for example, is firmly Western in culture. Today the West is actually to a large extent a baneful force in traditional Third World countries where we break down age-old ways of life and village cultures. Of course, this distinction does not account for the entire picture of typically “western” nations, namely the problem of Eastern European countries, who often can be seen as outliers. Definition. Western Culture: Westerners are relatively freer than people in the east. The term “prehistoric” refers to the time before written history. The former, the theological content of Western culture, comes from the revelation God made to the Chosen People—to Abraham, Moses and others under the Old Law, culminating in the coming of God himself as man. Nevertheless I think one can say that the most distinctive part of Western culture was the Latin, and without the achievements of the Romans in western Europe the development of Western culture would have been considerably hindered and perhaps imperiled. Description [edit | edit source]. Thus they created the Holy Roman Empire, which endured until A.D. 1806 and was conceived to be in some sense the same state as that of Caesar and the ancient emperors. Western Culture. Conclusion. Next lesson. How do we discover the ultimate basis of the unity of the West? It is interesting that modern man sees his ancestors as having been more parochial than he, whereas in fact, the opposite is true. Western Culture: When western people communicate with others, they like to be direct, and they often defend their own opinions to let other people agree with their ideas. Conclusion. 3 0. Category People & Blogs; Suggested by AdRev for a 3rd Party Jim Davies - Trigger Finger feat. So, we can acknowledge the shortcomings of the term pragmatically. Culture is a term that refers to a large and diverse set of mostly intangible aspects of social life. A good example of this is the german business culture, where punctuality plays an important role. Western sculpture, three-dimensional artistic forms produced in what is now Europe and later in areas dominated by European culture (such as North America) from prehistory to the present. Eastern Culture: People may express their emotions in a subtle way. A brief history of the cultures of Asia. Indian culture is the traditional mindset of people that reside in India. There are areas where the eastern culture is laxer. Western culture. This idea of perfection is beauty has haunted western cultures for centuries, but seems to be getting progressively worse as time passes and exactly what “perfection” means has changed. The term also applies beyond Europe to countries and cultures whose historiesare strongly connected to Europe by immigration, colonization, or influence. “The East” is far more communal, and far more reverent of the elderly. The idea of the universal empire of Rome had a powerful impact on men's minds and imaginations throughout the Middle Ages and up through the 18th century. The second of the two words, that of man, is from the Greeks. Greek plays and myths, the architecture of the great temples, and even the basic schools of thought all survived long past the fall of the ancient Greek city-states. Now what is true is always universal. What maps tell us. Thus both the Old and the New Testaments present salvation history in a way that usually emphasizes its particular and unique connection with the Chosen People and with concrete events in their history, even when it witnesses to God's design to save all men. Up until now, we never defined “Western culture” in this blog. The idea of Rome was one of the chief things making for the international character of Christendom. . The term \"Western culture\" has come to define the culture of European countries as well as those that have been heavily influenced by European immigration, such as the United States, according to Khan University. Is it only a grouping of nations seeking to preserve the material goods and worldly pleasures they possess? Nuclear power stations are derived from the first atomic pile in Chicago (1942). As a matter of fact, this process had in part begun even in the New Testament and in a sense was inseparable from use of the Greek language.5 For example, in using the term logos, St. John, without in any sense basing his thought on that of the pagan philosophers, necessarily commenced that fruitful contact between the claims of the Faith and the Greek intellectual tradition. 3 ". Well, doubtless under the protection of divine grace, the ancient Greeks, Plato and especially Aristotle, realized that substances, that is, persons and things, are what basically exist, not color patches or isolated sounds or sense experiences. Related to this is the absurd characterization in the United States of Hispanics as a non-Western or non-European minority. Lastly, to recall the original genius of the West can also perhaps be an antidote, an antidote to the poisonous message continually given us by our mass cultural organs, that the only value of the West is the technological and affluent society which we enjoy today. For the Byzantines, of course, had no need of the Latin tradition to mediate Greek thought for them, and even if they did not appropriate their own classical tradition in the same way as did the Latins—for example, the philosophical tradition—still they were conscious heirs of the vast learning of the Greek Fathers, which itself made use of much of the best of pagan thought. In the East Greek culture was actually losing ground when the Romans came along and established it on a stronger political and military base. Cultivate means to help something to grow in its proper direction, to help it to become what it is supposed to become. Western societies are pole apart from eastern in field of science and technology. The Western world, also known as the West and the Occident (from Latin: occidens "sunset, West"; as contrasted with the Orient), is a term referring to different nations depending on the context. Yet, somehow, we all understood what it means. Rather, perhaps, it can be a guide to orient one in those studies, so that what otherwise might simply be a mass of authors and dates becomes instead an integrated culture, a unity from diverse sources, but brought together into the most wonderful whole that the world has yet known. Greek plays and myths, the architecture of the great temples, and even the basic schools of thought all survived long past the fall of the ancient Greek city-states. However, this isn’t always the case when it comes to business. 5 When St. Paul preached to the Greeks of Athens, he spoke of God in this manner, i.e., without reference to the concrete aspects of Old Testament revelation or the Messianic tradition. And it was inevitable that as the Church communicated her truths, points would be raised, both among Catholics and by the Church's enemies, which would involve questions that the Hebrew tradition could not deal with definitively with its own intellectual terms because of its concrete and particular mode of understanding and expression. Western culture does not describe any specific group or belief, but instead it describes tendencies within cultural thought and practices, tendencies which favor the plight of the individual rather than the collective. They moved westward with the next great civilization, the Romans, and, after Rome fell, continued to move even further west until they reached America. This is the currently selected item. It is merely a group of nations with some sort of common historical background, but sharing nothing important now but a commitment to preserving its freedom for materialistic and hedonistic pursuits. Thomas Storck is the author of (Christendom Press, 1987). 2. For example, West… There are many reasons that made this sensational decay in a population happen. Western Culture: In the eyes of westerners, humility is considered a sign of weakness, Most westerners don’t like to downplay their successes, instead, they want people know their achievements and feel comfortable to receive compliments. This is the Roman effort, which provided for the expansion and stability of the earlier accomplishments, which were strengthened and developed by the Romans. This is a concept, a lineage that ties Europe’s long history to the ancient cultures of the Mediterranean and then push back to prehistory. We may truly, then, affirm that Italy does not belong to Italians alone, but to all peoples. For example, many of us follow the common practice of classifying Latin America and such eastern European nations as Poland and Hungary as non-Western, clearly an historical absurdity. What is Western Culture? Genesis 12:3. In Western cuisine, meat is generally the centerpiece of any meal, while sweets are reserved for the end of the meal. They are excluded from the engagements of Western Europe, and also have endured much cultural assimilation from Mediterranean and Middle Eastern states. Greco-Italian culture initiated European culture, and therefore, that of the modern world.9. Western culture does not describe any specific group or belief, but instead it describes tendencies within cultural thought and practices, tendencies which favor the plight of the individual rather than the collective. To sum, the western culture is the way of life for the people in the western world and it differs from the cultural practices of other communities. Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Western lifestyle or European civilization, is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe. Rome's third achievement was her consolidation and extension of Greek and Hebrew attainments. 3.Western culture is mainly watch violence, fighting, boxing and blue flims. But at the same time, he had much more of a sense of place than we have, who are apt to move about, especially within our own countries, and in fact to carry our national prejudices with us wherever we might go. These fundamental philosophies ultimately guided variant cultural development. A brief history of Western culture. What does this mean? "1 The West then is nothing but a rich fusion of the word of God and the word of man, all that our culture has received from God by way of revelation and all that we have received by way of the exercise of reason. There are instances when extended family members would be living in one home. Staff Writer & Contributing Writer, “Western culture” is a vague term often seen in academic environments. And though the final form of this theological content is in Catholic doctrine, its origins lie in the Old Testament covenant of God with the Hebrew people. There are many reasons that made this sensational decay in a population happen. Instead of being solid substance my desk is more like a swarm of gnats.". The rebutters argue that the funfairs of January 1 “is a celebration that promotes Western culture, and not to seek the face of God”. Marriage in Western Culture Marriage in Western Culture Introduction In western societies a man and woman are said to be married when they enter into a relationship that is understood by the couple and by their community to be more or less permanent (Gottman, 2002). For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures. Only they have what may be called philosophy, strictly speaking. In Western culture, only small family units are recommended. Answer: by shanta. Mainly based on Christianity, one sees oneself as an element of the divine and life in service of God. Western culture has received unique blessings from God in being the heir of both Jews and Greeks and as such is able to perform well the function that a culture was meant for. Thus all of western and northern and central Europe received the Latin tongue, and with it classical philosophy and Latin literature; in fact all the intellectual heritage of the Hebrews, Greeks and Romans. His articles have appeared in , , , and elsewhere. Western religions believe in the superiority of human beings over other animals and here too people can become better if they control their sinful actions and thoughts Even earlier, the use of Greek in the Septuagint and the Jewish Diaspora generally made such intellectual interaction inevitable and some tentative effects of this can be seen in such a place as the Old Testament book of Wisdom.6. Or again, if I see a baby today and not again for fifty years, is it the same person that I see, since his shape, weight, color, the sound of his voice, have all changed? Western civilization has been tending away from its own genius since the end of the Middle Ages, and has been rushing away from it since the early 18th century. Western culture is defined as “a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe” (Science Daily, 2015). Both traditions contributed knowledge of truths to the entire human race: the Hebrew of truths of the divine nature and his dealings with man; the Greek of natural truths. The word culture comes from the Latin a word which means simply cultivation, as in farming or gardening. Definition of Western Culture: A term used to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, and specific artefacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe. Western culture started from the Ancient Greece and Rome, which then spread all over the world under Roman rule. Western culture, the subject of this essay, is a phrase worth thinking about. We have got everything exactly backwards. 4 Of course, the Church, particularly in the liturgy, has always used many of the concrete images of both the Old and New Testaments, thus making them familiar to the whole world. A student exemplar of this timeline is included. A brief history of Western culture. Instead of bringing rain and good fortune, the Western dragon is a fire-breathing monster. . Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, and European civilization, is the heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, artifacts and technologies of the Western World that originated in or are associated with Europe. In order to understand the foundations of the West, however, there is one more contribution, besides that of the Hebrews and the Greeks, that one should consider. . Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. The East Coast of the United States was originally a British colony, and as America developed into its own inde… The Hebrew tradition from the beginning was oriented toward all of mankind. and by you all the families of the earth shall bless themselves." It was because the Greek terms and the entire Greek intellectual tradition was at hand that the Church was able so comparatively easily to formulate her theology, something necessary if the spiritual message received from the Jewish tradition was to be made available to those of other places, outside the Hebrew tradition, and, more importantly, of other times. The major difference between Chinese and Western culture is that China is an oriental country, and its traditional culture is completely different from western heritage. Eastern culture focuses more on ‘collectivism’ which means they have large supportive families. Until a few years ago its mention was apt to be in connection with some military initiative in opposition to the Soviet Union and her allies. With abortion legal in nearly every one of these countries, they surely do not include a respect for human dignity! Both the cultures differ from each other in the traditional mindset, however, in today’s world both the cultures are coming to a mix. But despite this ugly present day reality, it is still useful to study and know the West, both for hopes of restoration as well as for the nourishing of our own spirits and the setting of our own minds in order. In the study of law, Rome's genius can also be seen, for she pioneered in establishing a systematic, reasonable approach to jurisprudence, and Roman law is the basis of law today in continental Europe, Latin America and elsewhere. Throughout the Old Testament, starting even with the call of Abraham in Genesis 12, the universal import of God's speaking to the Jews is clearly stated. What was also previously pointed out is its use in separating “the East” from “the West” — a separation almost solely based on historical development of technologies and differences in major philosophical schools which govern political and cultural mentalities. Western culture has its roots in the Classical Period of the Greco-Roman era and the rise of Christianity in the 14th century.Other drivers of Western culture include Latin, Celtic, Germanic and Hellenic ethnic and linguistic groups. When people talk about Western culture, what exactly are they referring to? Bertrand Russell actually argued that each new time I see a particular person it is not the same person that I am seeing, but only different appearances of similar-looking patches of color and bits of sound, connected by unknown physical laws. What is Western Culture: The universe of values, customs, practices, traditions, religious beliefs, economic system and political-social organization representative of Western Europe and Europe is known as Western culture from the west , either because they originated there, or because they were assumed as their own.. Western Culture: People may express their emotions openly and directly. Western culture has a few number of family restrictions and moral values. . 2 0. ati p. 7 years ago. However, it is difficult even amongst scholars to identify which cultures and peoples are included within the distinction of “western.”. This probably seems obvious to us, but I think it is so obvious in part because we have the intellectual heritage of Greece behind us.7 And though all this may seem like unnecessary abstruseness, the answers we give to such questions have very practical effects in everyday life that would surprise many of us. Sofia Lyon & Nathan Brief histories of art and culture. Jacques Maritain captured the essence of the West in one sentence, when he wrote that the Greek people "may be truly termed the organ of the reason and word of man as the Jewish people was the organ of the revelation and word of God. Life in a western country is pretty easy as they have number of resources and facilitates. The concept of Western culture is generally linked to the classical definition of Western world. Women. Though intensely nationalistic and looking at things though the eyes of our partial and one-sided cultures, we have very little sense of place. While much of it is explainable via the rigid reality of academia, the distinction of “western” culture does speak to a greater understanding of world culture. The term is not geographic, and only gained in popularity in the 19th and 20th centuries. 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