How can Filipinos, especially low-income families, stay at home when they are being forced into homelessness? Also Read: Water Pollution and its Control. The primary industries in the Philippines are agriculture, wood products, electronics assembly, garment and footwear manufacturing, mining, and fishing. San Pedro adds, “Despite being endowed with tens of thousands of test kits in donations we failed to meet the target of 8,000 tests per day at the end of April. On the day the first case was confirmed in the Philippines, presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo clarified that the government wouldn’t be distributing masks to vulnerable populations as. The Philippines has many, many problems. Lunzaga adds, “We have four barangays (towns) in the Pandi municipality, each with more than a thousand poor families. Going to every door also requires a universal approach. He was brought to the local military encampment and told to cease all political activity, surrender to the government, and only then would they receive any aid. Doctor Josh San Pedro, a co-convener of the Coalition of People’s Right to Health (CPRH), explained to The Diplomat that “health authorities may have been complacent, as it was only in mid-March that significant improvements were made to testing capacity, despite locally-made kits being ready as early as February. In the 1970s, Philippines was touted the prima donna among world timber exporters. The decline in poverty in the Philippines is slower than that of other nations in the region, and for those who depend on farming and fishing for income, economic trends keep them poor, largely due to misuse of natural resources. The announcement comes as confirmed COVID-19 infections continue to spike across the archipelago. The unemployment rate is 2.78 percent (2017 estimate). The problem is so rampant that in January 2015, 730,000 people, most of whom were nonviolent offenders, were imprisoned for the simple fact that they couldn’t afford bail. Those who are helping the poor are being put in jail.”. The numbers are in: The past decade has been the warmest in recorded history. Their already poverty-stricken community, like many others, had found it near impossible to deal with having no livelihood or even space to stock up on food in such tight quarters. It wasn’t until April 14 that the DOH commenced mass testing to rectify their earlier errors, but some critics say present efforts are still gravely insufficient. India finally has an investor-friendly image after almost a decade and should strive to maintain that. According to the Asian Development Bank, the major causes of poverty include: low economic growth, a weak agricultural sector, … 45% of Philippines’ urban population lives in informal settlements with already weak infrastructure and are extremely vulnerable to flooding and typhoons. Ninety-two individuals across five cities were imprisoned while either engaging in feeding programs or joining online protests. He had a message for anyone who intended to replicate the behavior of the San Roque residents: “I will not hesitate. In 2020, growth is expected to level out at 6.6 percent. Many people are desperate and fighting over aid … just to get $100 to $150.”, Southeast Many Philippine laws criminalize extortion and fraud, but the fight against corruption is scattered. Asia, Central Asia, Southeast She told The Diplomat, “Limiting the financial assistance to a list based on the 2015 census created major delays in the distribution. Moreover, money for logging supported candidates during election campaigns.” In the past, forest resources helped fuel the country’s economy. Prominent human rights group KARAPATAN slammed the mass arrests, saying the regime should refocus its efforts. With newly acquired powers he called for an even stricter implementation of the ECQ. Law enforcement agencies that are often coerced or bribed to do the government's bidding do not effectively enforce the laws. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? At a police press briefing in early April, arrests were shown to have spiked during the quarantine, with the cops nabbing an average of more than a thousand people per day nationwide. The negative trade is heavy and only counterbalanced by the service account surplus. Water pollution is a major problem in the Philippines. Sept. 3, 2017, 1:50 PM UTC / … Doctor Josh San Pedro, a co-convener of the Coalition of People’s Right to Health (CPRH), explained to, that “health authorities may have been complacent, as it was only in mid-March that significant improvements were made to testing capacity, despite locally-made kits being ready as early as February. However, progress is being made, and for the first time since 2001, the Philippines is ranked as a Tier 1 country in the fight against human trafficking, reports the U.S. Department of State's Trafficking in Persons Report (TIPR) released in June 2016. A presidential election in Kyrgyzstan and a parliamentary election in Kazakhstan kick off 2021 in Central Asia. Going to every door also requires a universal approach. This is a record high in the unemployment rate reflecting the effects of Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) economic shutdown to the Philippine labor market. Guilty or not for exacerbating the suffering of Filipinos in 2020, Duterte is facing potentially tougher challenges in 2021. Lunzaga adds, “We have four barangays (towns) in the Pandi municipality, each with more than a thousand poor families. “It is reprehensible that while Duterte’s economic managers discuss the need for economic recovery from the COVID-19 fallout. Twenty-one of the hungry protesters were beaten and arrested by the police. Import-Export Imbalance: Among the many economic problems faced by the Philippines, one is the imbalance of imports and exports. With a slashed budget for disease surveillance and epidemiology for 2020, contact tracing was increasingly difficult in Metro Manila for example, one of the world’s most densely populated cities.”, Since the start of the pandemic, China has maintained a favorable position in the Duterte administration’s eyes. On top of deploying thousands of police and soldiers throughout the archipelago to enforce the ECQ, Duterte has on two occasions threatened the public with all-out martial law. What’s worse, instead of easing the overall burden that the virus unleashed on the country, it seems the last resort lockdown itself added to a plethora of problems without adequately addressing the primary crisis at hand: ensuring public health and safety. Try our corporate solution for free! Even with ECQ measures still in place in early May, the government allowed for large-scale gambling with the re-opening of Philippine Offshore Gaming Operations or POGOs, which have a significant Chinese workforce and capital. John Forbes, senior advisor of the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, warns of Metro Manila’s risk of becoming “uninhabitable” by 2020 if vehicles continue to increase while roads and infrastructure remain the same. They particularly noted that 1.7 million workers have been excluded from aid programs. He has also brought up unsubstantiated activities of guerrilla groups as threats to government aid efforts without conceding any missteps in his management. Philippines’ economy largely depends on the re… On the day the first case was confirmed in the Philippines, presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo clarified that the government wouldn’t be distributing masks to vulnerable populations as it had none to give out. December 15, 2020 Pantone Announces Ultimate Gray and Illuminate as Color of the Year 2021. While Singapore, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Hong Kong took the early initiative on travel restrictions and emergency measures, the Philippines was noticeably late to follow suit. She told, , “Limiting the financial assistance to a list based on the 2015 census created major delays in the distribution. Plagued by chronic procedural problems in the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), there are constant complaints of the SAP not reaching its intended beneficiaries and the allocations per town being far too small to do much good. The Image Bank/Eternity in an Instant/Getty Images. on March 20 felt that there was “no need for mass testing yet,” a reminder of how they sorely misread the situation. Even with ECQ measures still in place in early May, the government allowed for large-scale gambling with the re-opening of. Asia, South Flood is inevitable; the problem is made worse because garbage dumping in the river is a habit practiced by many Filipinos. Finding the balance between public health and reviving the economy has been fraught with dilemmas. Another major problem occurring in the Philippines is human trafficking, which subjects a person into labor or prostitution using force, fraud or coercion. In fact, the Philippines is getting more corrupt under Duterte, dropping 13 notches in the 2017 Corruption Index published recently by Transparency International. for Us. It proposes a general set of principles that should guide the provision of infrastructure services. ... 2020, the Department of Tourism announced the 13 hotels that are now allowed to operate for a staycation in the National Capital Region which is currently under the General Community Quarantine. Us, Write Other locals have recounted similar stories. Overfishing and destructive fishing Fishers in the Philippines are increasingly coming home with pitiful catches. Environmental issues are a warning of the upcoming disaster. Former DSWD chief and now of the broad network CURE COVID (Citizen’s Urgent Response to End COVID-19) Judy Taguiwalo criticized the use of an outdated census to guide the state’s relief effort. Hill Street Studios / Getty Images/Blend Images RM. A few days later, the ban was expanded to the entirety of China, with the delay, as affirmed by Department of Health (DOH) chief Francisco Duque, attributed to a reluctance to upset relations with China. It is one of the major contributory factors that has caused the Philippines to remain as a third world country, aside from corruption in government. Filipino workers who make the daily operation of transport systems, factories, and malls possible are still largely left out in the government’s aid efforts,” said the coalition in a joint statement. Gulf states like Bahrain and the UAE are using a Chinese-made COVID-19 vaccine, highlighting a new type of cooperation with China. The incident summarily reflected the handling of grievances by the authorities during the lockdown. In the immediate aftermath of the lockdown, poor Filipinos especially were distraught by the prospect of contending with hunger. As of writing, only 0.1 percent of the population has been tested. A Deadly and Disastrous 2020 for the Philippines By Mong Palatino Guilty or not for exacerbating the suffering of Filipinos in 2020, Duterte is facing potentially tougher challenges in 2021. North Korea insists there have been no coronavirus cases in the country. Now more than ever access to safe water is critical to the health of families in the Philippines. 31 Problems And Issues Of The Philippines About Politics 3 years, 4 months ago Many critics have pointed out that there is too much politics in the Filipino brand of politics. However, Dr. Julie Caguiat, also of CPRH, mentioned that there should be a better roadmap to attaining this with “mass testing not only for those with symptoms. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. Poverty is a major social problem in the Philippines with 21.6 percent of the Filipino population earning an income below the poverty line, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority. The country ranks 101 out of 176 countries on the 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), which evaluated the countries' corruption levels on a scale from 0 to 100. They should instead opt for a universal approach, extending financial assistance to everyone in need throughout the process. The backlash facing Filipinos now and after the quarantine is quite a distressing picture. The emergence of a much more contagious variant of COVID-19 comes as Australia rolls out vaccines. Maybe social workers can go house to house, but they are also lacking PPEs and working long hours. These five megatrends present major global threats for planet Earth — problems that must be solved if the world is to remain a supportive habitat for humans and other species. Rate: Select rating Give Problems and Solutions 1/5 Give Problems and Solutions 2/5 Give Problems and Solutions 3/5 Give Problems and Solutions 4/5 Give Problems and Solutions 5/5 The Philippine Economy and Its Contemporary Problems and Issues. or “undisciplined” citizens as responsible for the ensuing problems. Filipinos are having a hard time surviving in such difficult conditions, and more and more are falling into extreme poverty. Police have begun to target relief workers and even people posting unflattering opinions about Duterte online. A full month passed before Duterte officially declared the country in a “State of Public Health Emergency” on March 9, five days before the number of confirmed COVID 19 patients breached the 100 mark. In response, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Proclamation No. The eruption was the first major eruption of Taal since 1977. Many people are desperate and fighting over aid … just to get $100 to $150.”. The global crisis is first and foremost a public health issue, but Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has faced the coronavirus pandemic in a decidedly militaristic fashion. Money, Tokyo However, due to modernization and the ever-increasing population, agriculture is facing some hurdles lately. Since then there have been reports and sightings of extreme prejudice in the operations of law enforcement. The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged the mass production and use of testing kits as a basic necessity in combating the pandemic, yet even the. The study details the progress to date in Honduran infrastructure sectors, identifying the principal problems that exist and outlining a strategy for their solution. As a result, in January 2017 Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte mandated free birth control to more than two million women who were identified as poor, hoping to reduce birth rates in economically stricken communities and the country as a whole, notes NPR. Meanwhile, there was a noticeable rapid decline in supplies of items like face masks. The whole world is looking forward to a return to some semblance of normalcy. Out of these, 2.65 million were unemployed. Meanwhile, there was a noticeable rapid decline in supplies of items like face masks. The bail system has become a major problem among people with low income because they may not be able to afford bail. The five-year economic plan laid out at the Party Congress is no course correction for the country. With no available sources of income and virtually nonexistent savings, many homeless and slum dwellers bore the brunt of the ECQ. 5. bullying student right violations, however, depend on the strictness of a schools division of the student affairs, how tight they are in screening and composing a student organization. Highlights of the April 2020 Labor Force Survey a. According to Water Environment Partnership in Asia (WEPA), 32 percent of the Philippines’ land mass — approximately 96,000 square kilometers — is used for agriculture. The president of PDP-Laban (Partido Demokratiko Pilipino–Lakas ng Bayan), Duterte’s party, Senator Aquilino “Koko” Pimentel III, was among the legislators who tested positive for COVID-19. One solution to the problem may be to simply give refugees their own new country. It is a bleak one marred by a totalitarian streak and the people’s increased realization that the state is more intent on filling jails and the pockets of Chinese businesses than starving stomachs. The incident has warranted no probe nor sanction from the authorities. Since the start of the pandemic, China has maintained a favorable position in the Duterte administration’s eyes. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is not a leader given to compromise. Credit: Ace Morandante/Malacanang Presidential Photographers Division via AP)\, The global crisis is first and foremost a public health issue, but Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has faced the coronavirus pandemic in a decidedly militaristic fashion. The Filipinos love politics so much that every political gathering, especially if done during elections, becomes a festive occasion, a carnival of sort. The Philippines' newly industrialised economy has been tipped as being among the most promising in the world, but doing business can a tricky task without the help of local experts. The country has a high maternal and newborn mortality rate, and a high fertility rate. Since the lockdown went into effect, he has peddled the narrative of. © 2021 Diplomat Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. But there are conditions, such as mass testing. They should instead opt for a universal approach, extending financial assistance to everyone in need throughout the process. Unemployment rate rose to 17.7 percent accounting to 7.3 million unemployed Filipinos in the labor force in April 2020. Defense, China Problems in Agriculture Sector and Practical Solutions. Does the Joko Widodo government have nuclear aspirations? Asia, Asia But a few days earlier, government leaders were touting Philippine generosity in aiding China with a donation of masks worth $1.4 million that were shipped to Wuhan. Rising sea levels, heavy rainfall and flooding, and strong typhoons pose an enormous risk to the Philippines’ infrastructure. The future of U.S.-ROK relations depends on the United States understanding the priorities of South Korea’s now-dominant liberals. On top of deploying thousands of police and soldiers throughout the archipelago to enforce the ECQ, Duterte has on two occasions threatened the public with all-out martial law. Hopefully, there can be random testing in areas that may have bigger concentrations of people.” Caguiat also noted that testing operations should be free (some cost around $60), with clear procedures on contact tracing for all — something that has yet to be undertaken, unlike in neighboring countries. Abortion is illegal in the Philippines, and only the wealthy and middle-class citizens can afford birth control. In this May 11, 2020, photo provided by the Malacanang Presidential Photographers Division, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, wearing a mask, talks to cabinet officials during a meeting at the Malacanang presidential palace in Manila, Philippines. The biggest single haul of the crackdown came on Labor Day, May 1. Filipino society and government tend to ignore their relationships to the area's ecology, disregarding the massive impacts of solid waste, water and air pollution on agriculture and health. Instances of abuse in regards to human rights in the Philippines include violations of civil liberties by various security forces, most notably the police. Now we can’t help but wonder if the Philippines is indeed nearing its “carmageddon”. In January 2015, out of the 62.87 million Filipinos in the age group of 15 years and above, the labor force comprised 40.11 million. The Duterte administration’s COVID-19 response marries incompetence with militarism. Caucasian student standing in classroom. The Diplomat has removed paywall restrictions on our coverage of the COVID–19 crisis. Duterte ordered a travel ban only for passengers coming from Wuhan, China specifically on January 31, a day after the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed in the Philippines. Out of the 90 million people living in the Philippines, many do not get access to basic care. , attributed to a reluctance to upset relations with China. Arrests have also extended to anyone caught criticizing the administration’s perceived failures during the pandemic. The Philippines is in the position to be a major beneficiary of the CORSIA accord if Wastefuel succeeds in overcoming the tipping fee issue and politics surrounding Metro Manila’s garbage management. However, Manila’s overall response to the pandemic has been fraught with incompetence and rife with terror. The primary crops are palay (rice), corn, sugar cane, fruit, root crops, vegetables and trees (for rubber). He was brought to the local military encampment and told to cease all political activity, surrender to the government, and only then would they receive any aid. A week later, the government announced its initial emergency response package to the virus, totaling $535 million. With hospitals reportedly lacking in personal protective equipment (PPE), the financial stimulus came with disheartening details that half of the amount was intended for boosting the tourism industry and only 11.4 percent was aimed toward the acquisition of testing kits and other materials to curb the virus. But we should be testing for all, not only by priority. The state should welcome the involvement of civil society groups and the private sector in the relief effort and reduce obstacles of various permits for their participation.”, Robert Lunzaga, a community leader in the province of Bulacan from the national urban poor group Kadamay, told The Diplomat that not only were SAP allotments too few for their predominantly impoverished town but those aligned with organizations critical of the administration were bullied by the authorities. In September 2017, the Philippine government voted to reduce the annual budget of the country's Commission on Human Rights, which investigates suspicious killings and drug-related legal violations, to $20. There have been moments of abject incompetence from those in power around the world, but using the pandemic as a reason for increasingly flexing authoritarian muscles spells danger for the Philippines post-lockdown. The World Health Organization (WHO) has urged the mass production and use of testing kits as a basic necessity in combating the pandemic, yet even the DOH on March 20 felt that there was “no need for mass testing yet,” a reminder of how they sorely misread the situation. Michael Beltran is a freelance journalist from the Philippines. Majority of testing centers are still in Metro Manila, while only six are located in the provinces. 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