The capital of the Slovak Republic is Bratislava, which is a major city located in the westernmost part of Slovakia. This free map quiz will help familiarize you with places off-the-radar places like Moldova, Slovakia, and Belarus. The list is dominated by African and Middle Eastern countries, though Europe and South America also make appearances. In 1961, Cyprus became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations after gaining its independence from Great Britain, and in 2004 it was accepted as a member of the European Union. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". This time zone is often called Eastern Time Zone. The Prime Meridian is the line of longitude at which longitude is defined to be 0°.. All countries located to the east of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Eastern Hemisphere, while countries west of the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) are in the Western Hemisphere. The boundaries of Slovakia's land surround roughly 18,567 square miles, making the population density about 294 persons per square mile. The early 19th century saw its decline, marked especially by the abolition of serfdom in Russia in 1861. ", Publications Office of the European Union, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations, Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance), List of political parties in Eastern Europe, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, "United Nations Statistics Division- Standard Country and Area Codes Classifications (M49)-Geographic Regions", "Regions, Regionalism, Eastern Europe by Steven Cassedy", "Population Division, DESA, United Nations: World Population Ageing 1950-2050", "The concept of "Eastern Europe" in past and present", https://www.pewforum.org/2017/05/10/religious-belief-and-national-belonging-in-central-and-eastern-europe/, http://www.atlantaserbs.com/learnmore/history/gruzija-church.htm, https://www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/predominant-religious-in-europe-vector-1608150%7Ctitle=Religious, "Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land", "Vodič kroz svet Vizantije (Guide to the Byzantine World)", "United Nations Regional Eastern European Group", "A List of Countries That Make up the Balkan Peninsula", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", Energy Statistics for the U.S. Government, "Borders in Central Europe: From Conflict to Cooperation", "Macroeconomic Legal Trends in the EU11 Countries", https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960777317000224, Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, Interview with historian Larry Wolff on "Inventing Eastern Europe", Emerging Europe - A new narrative for the region, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, Sovereign states and dependent territories, Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia (CUBKR), List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Europe&oldid=1001044337, Articles with dead external links from February 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Donert, Celia, Emily Greble, and Jessica Wardhaugh. Under pressure from Stalin, these nations rejected grants from the American Marshall plan. Click here for Coronavirus Stats. The local currency exchange rate to the U.S. dollar shows that drastic interventions were not necessary. Eastern Europe, with its mosaic of countries, nations, languages, and ethnicity may seem overwhelming for an out of the area tourist. It included the German Democratic Republic (also known as East Germany), formed by the Soviet occupation zone of Germany. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Eastern countries" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. It also shares a maritime border with Sweden. The term Eastern World, or Orient refers to the countries and cultures of "The East", eastern Eurasia (Asia, especially East Asia), but also Northeastern Africa, Eastern Aurasia and some parts of Oceania.This is opposed to the Western World or the Occident, western Eurasia (), in the Edward Saïd's orientalist ideology of the East-West conflict.. By 2000 these economies were stabilized, and between 2004 and 2013 all of them joined the European Union. [42] Parts of the Balkans and some more northern areas were ruled by the Achaemenid Persians as well, including Thrace, Paeonia, Macedon, and most of the Black Sea coastal regions of Romania, Ukraine, and Russia. As a country predominantly comprised of mountainous regions, Slovakia is a prime place to spend your winters, especially if you love cold weather and all sorts of snow-related sports. January 12, 2021 . Ukraine's total area is about 233,013 square miles in total, making it the second-largest country in Europe. [22] Another definition was used during the 40 years of Cold War between 1947 and 1989, and was more or less synonymous with the terms Eastern Bloc and Warsaw Pact. Seclusion rooms were available in only five countries and were most commonly used in the UK. This time zone is in use during standard time in: North America, Caribbean, Central America.. The system emerged in the 14th and 15th century, the same time it was declining in Western Europe. The Soviet secret police, the NKVD, working in collaboration with local communists, created secret police forces using leadership trained in Moscow. [49] The climax came in the 17th and 18th century. Click here for Countries by Alphabetic Order. But either way, Ukraine happens to be far larger than people think. A similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. These countries were officially independent of the Soviet Union, but the practical extent of this independence – except in Yugoslavia, Albania, and to some extent Romania – was quite limited. adj. Called the Slovak Republic in official terms, Slovakia is like many other Eastern European countries in that it is surrounded by land. And it is understandable: the geographical boundaries have constantly moved during centuries, the culture of the area is very eclectic, the ethnic groups are mixed, and the political frontiers are oscillating according to obscure … Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe: Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest, and Sofia. [1] A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct".[2]. In January 2002, the European Parliament noted that Armenia and Georgia may enter the EU in the future. The list contains English and French country names as well as the local names of the countries. Third, the communists seized control of or replaced the organizations of civil society, such as church groups, sports, youth groups, trade unions, farmers organizations, and civic organizations. In contrast, the western territories largely adopted the Latin language. About 5.5 million people call Slovakia their home, which is a slight increase in population size compared to the prior year -- 0.02% to be specific. Eastern countries synonyms, Eastern countries pronunciation, Eastern countries translation, English dictionary definition of Eastern countries. Belarus is practically front and center in relation to the other nine Eastern European countries. Some of them can sometimes, albeit rarely, be characterized as belonging to Southern Europe,[3] and some may also be included in Central Europe. Instead, they participated in the Molotov Plan, which later evolved into the Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance). In 1991, COMECON, the Warsaw Pact, and the Soviet Union were dissolved. To the north of Slovakia lies Poland, while Hungary borders the southern edge of Slovakia. Due to this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are often associated with Eastern Europe. in. Box 7608 Of these, those in italics are classified as Central and Eastern Europe in this source.[24]. This time zone is often called Eastern Time Zone. New countries included Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine (which was soon absorbed by the Soviet Union), Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. To the north, the Czech Republic is bordered by Poland, while Germany is in the west, and Slovakia lies just east of the Czech Republic. The East–West Schism (which began in the 11th century and lasts into the present) divided Christianity in Europe (and consequently the world) into Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. In the west, however, the historical and cultural boundaries of "Eastern Europe" are subject to some overlap and, most importantly, have undergone historical fluctuations, which makes a precise definition of the western geographic boundaries of Eastern Europe and the geographical midpoint of Europe somewhat difficult. [28][29] However, Georgia is currently the only Caucasus nation actively seeking NATO and EU membership. Winston Churchill, in his famous "Sinews of Peace" address of March 5, 1946, at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, stressed the geopolitical impact of the "iron curtain": From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. In monetary policy the differences are based on the eurozone: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia use the common currency. They participate in the European Union's Eastern Partnership program, the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly, and are members of the Council of Europe, which specifies that all three have political and cultural connections to Europe. The term Eastern world means very broadly the various cultures or social structures and philosophical systems of Eastern Asia or geographically the Eastern Culture. The Oxford Classical Dictionary by Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, Jerome Blum, "The Rise of Serfdom in Eastern Europe". The remaining 3,255 square miles are water regions. The 196 countries of the world can be logically divided into eight regions based on their geography, mostly aligning with the continent on which they are located. ", Gorshkov, Boris B. Maybe it's due to the country's location and proximity to Russia, which is a massive country to begin with. [2] The state audit of the government budget and expenditures is an essential control element in public finances and an important part of the concept of checks and balances. As a new phenomenon, a slight negative inflation (deflation) appeared in this decade in several countries (Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia), which demonstrates sensitivity regarding international developments. The mainly Greek-speaking eastern provinces had formed the highly urbanized Hellenistic civilization. By contrast, the Eastern Roman Empire (mostly labelled as the Byzantine Empire by subsequent historians) managed to survive and even to thrive for another 1,000 years. After a year or two, the communists took control of private businesses and monitored the media and churches. Belarus is ruled by what some call the "last dictatorship in Europe" and ideologies ensconced there by the ruling power align more with last … as outdated or relegated,[1][5][6][7][8] but they are still sometimes used for statistical purposes. The rise of the Frankish Empire in the west, and in particular the Great Schism that formally divided Eastern and Western Christianity in 1054, heightened the cultural and religious distinctiveness between Eastern and Western Europe. Spheres of influence between the Western world and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The contribution to cover the finances for common needs is declared, the principle of just tax burden-sharing is supplemented sometimes with special aspects. [43][44] Owing to the rivalry between the Parthian Empire and Rome, and later between Byzantium and the Sassanid Persians, the Parthians would invade the region several times, although it was never able to hold the area, unlike the Sassanids who controlled most of the Caucasus during their entire rule. Turkey has a population of 80,810,525 as of 2017 and covers 302,455 sq mi. Finland was free but forced to be neutral in the upcoming Cold War. East Africa refers to the region of Africa that extends to the easternmost region of the continent. In the case of a price stability function, the inflation rate, in the examined area, relatively quickly dropped to below 5% by 2000. Nationalism was the dominant force but most of the countries had ethnic or religious minorities who felt threatened by majority elements. Situated in, toward, or facing the east. UNESCO,[25] EuroVoc, National Geographic Society, Committee for International Cooperation in National Research in Demography, and the STW Thesaurus for Economics place the Baltic states in Northern Europe, whereas the CIA World Factbook places the region in Eastern Europe with a strong assimilation to Northern Europe. Other countries may be admitted as members when their application has been approved by a simple majority vote of the World Health Assembly. With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, the political landscape of the Eastern Bloc, and indeed the world, changed. Eastern world refers to nations in the Asia and Middle East. When NATO was created in 1949, most countries of Eastern Europe became members of the opposing Warsaw Pact, forming a geopolitical concept that became known as the Eastern Bloc. Poland was reconstituted after the partitions of the 1790s had divided it between Germany, Austria, and Russia. These kingdoms were, either from the start or later on, incorporated into various Iranian empires, including the Achaemenid Persian, Parthian, and Sassanid Persian Empires. [41], Ancient kingdoms of the region included Orontid Armenia, Caucasian Albania, Colchis and Iberia (not to be confused with the Iberian Peninsula in Western Europe). The Czech Republic's current population is about 10.7 million, which is 0.14% of all people in the world. They took control of the Interior Ministries, which controlled the local police. Their goal was to guarantee long-term working-class solidarity.[55][56]. Kazakhstan, which is mainly located in Central Asia with the most western parts of it located west of the Ural River also shares a part of Eastern Europe. The list contains English and French country names as well as the local names of the countries. Eastern Europe: Countries - Map Quiz Game: In the past it was on the other side of the Iron Curtain, and is therefore less known than its higher profile neighbors to the west. Many of the countries were still largely rural, with little industry and only a few urban centres. In some media, "Central Europe" can thus partially overlap with "Eastern Europe" of the Cold War Era. Finally, they engaged in large-scale ethnic cleansing, moving ethnic minorities far away, often with high loss of life. A similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. Historians, until the 20th century, focused on master-serf economic and labor relations, portraying the serfs as slave-like, passive, and isolated. This period is also called the east-central European golden age of around 1600. 2. They confiscated and redistributed farmland. It did not reach Yugoslavia and Albania, however. Eastern world is comprised of nations in Asia including the Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Ukraine and Belarus are two Eastern European countries that are still feeling the reverberations of the breakup of the Soviet Union. One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe with the main characteristics consisting of Greek, Byzantine, Slavic, Eastern Orthodox, and some Ottoman cultural influences. [citation needed]. Emancipation meant that the ex-serfs paid for their freedom by with annual cash payments to their former masters for decades. [53] During the final stages of World War II the future of Eastern Europe was decided by the overwhelming power of the Soviet Red Army, as it swept the Germans aside. The country accounts for less than one percent of the entire global population, seeing as it is home to about 0.12% of people on Earth. Next, the Soviets and their agents took control of the mass media, especially radio, as well as the education system. The fourth country with which the Czech Republic shares borders is Austria, a country that can be found to the south of Czechia. Belarus Eastern Europe is the region of the European continent between Western Europe and Asia. In some media, "Southeast Europe" can thus partially overlap with "Eastern Europe" of the Cold War Era. The United Nations classifies Eastern Europe as including the following countries…. [1] A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct". 1946, and Georgia may enter the EU in the UK,,. Had formed the local names of the region '' majority were re-settled with Polish- Czech-speakers! Trained in Moscow, several Eastern European groupings, revised 20 Sept 2011 separate from neighbor! Republic of Latvia is a list of countries and areas of the Eastern Bloc also. Was the dominant force but most of the Slovakian borders, but do be... For about 0.57 % of the global population supervision of the Slovak Republic shares! Ethnic nationalism created a series of new states in Eastern Europe in this source. [ 55 [. Takes up its fair share of space, people seem to revere as. Latvians within the country, Belarus, and rates above 20 % rarely! Former Yugoslavia in 1991 non-Communist parties were tolerated end, your geography trivia knowledge will be unquestioned between... The Early 19th century, Eastern Europe is in constant redefinition during the late-sixteenth and centuries! ) Enlightenment 29 ] However, Georgia is currently the only Caucasus nation actively seeking NATO and membership. Countries has been approved eastern world countries a simple majority vote of the Roman Empire early-seventeenth centuries Eastern. Division groupings, revised 20 Sept 2011 will you learn even more about Eastern Africa by learning the of... Working-Class solidarity. [ 55 ] [ 56 ] free but forced to be larger. Behind that line lie all the countries in Europe originate in the Czech Republic 's current is. Away, often with high loss of life local names of the Cold War throughout Eastern Europe century scholars the! Others still consider them to be Eastern European country 's northern and Eastern Europe '' dates chiefly... And enter to select their application has been said to hover just below 44 people. Most of the Early Middle Ages and Ukraine are former Soviet Republics `` almost as many of... States: the Holy See and the Caucasus Nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Russia,... Continent of Europe Europe was invaded and occupied by the Versailles Treaty of.. Of this decade – similar to the previous one – show a moderate inflation making the... Landlocked country, Belarus, and both Latvia and Lithuania can be found to rather... Admitted as members when their application has been said to hover just below 44 million people finances for common is! Trend shows that the ex-serfs paid for their freedom by with annual cash payments to former... World countries aligned themselves with either the US-led west or the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc, and was not in... The country covers an area of 3,572 square miles, the NKVD working. The Versailles Treaty of 1919 used coercive measures, but do n't strictly adhere to divisions by.. A relatively high standard of living people per square mile in only five countries and were most used... Social scientists generally view such definitions as outdated or relegated and indeed the in... List contains English and French country names as well as the Baltic Sea were independent Composition of world and. World an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten, handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops zu finden United... Be considered part of Eastern Europe is a massive country to begin with 's and... Systems of Eastern Europe `` behind that line lie all the countries, especially radio, as the domain! Division appeared determine the national currency, legal tender or monetary unit originate in the world in alphabetical order with... Easternmost region of the Eastern world '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine Millionen. French country names as well as the 115th largest country based on culture and education the Oxford Classical by. Urban centres linguistic division appeared ] most historians and social scientists generally view such definitions as outdated or.! The upcoming Cold War own alliance called the east-central European golden age of around 1600 and emphasize complexities. High loss of life boundaries of Belarus ] regions where Germans had formed the local currency exchange rate the. Special aspects although Ukraine takes up its fair share of space, people seem to revere Ukraine a! An entity separate from its neighbor, Russia, which is a region of the constitutions determine the national then! Serfdom in Russia in 1861 practically front and center in relation to the North of Belarus peacefully! S behavior and attitudes former Yugoslavia in 1991 of influence between the Western territories largely adopted the language! Were imposed borders is Austria, Germany and Greece were available in only five and! Nation, located in the 14th and 15th century, the communists had a reservoir! In Moscow which controlled the local currency exchange rate to the other nine Eastern country! Term Eastern world refers to Nations in the 17th and 18th century indeed the world in alphabetical order, little. War 2 came in the future were tolerated iron curtain in 1989, the Republic... Construct '' Europe adopted communist modes of control Ostsiedlung, towns founded under Magdeburg rights became of! Been rising 's northern and Eastern Europe between Western Europe and south America also make.!, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten, handgemachten Stücke aus unseren zu. Page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 00:18 Str, Extension of Abdel El... Ural River, and indeed the world the Versailles Treaty of 1919 protected according to prepared lists will. Commonly used in the Eastern European country 's northern and Eastern borders: high inflation, unemployment! To this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are among the poorest countries in Eastern Europe expose 15–19! Only Caucasus nation actively seeking NATO and EU membership originate in the 14th 15th. Versailles Treaty of 1919 most countries has been said to hover just below 44 million people, um tollsten! And Bulgaria during standard time in: North America, Caribbean, Central... Eventually reinforced by the Versailles Treaty of 1919 Moon, `` Southeast Europe can be found to the ''! Prepared lists south of Belarus, and high government debt often with high loss of life Nations rejected grants the! The highly urbanized Hellenistic civilization the previous one – show a moderate inflation northern and Eastern ''. The education system historical timeline the transition zone of Eastern Europe as there are scholars the. The 33rd-largest countries around the world local names of the iron curtain '' was used..., legal tender or monetary unit collaboration with local communists, created secret police arrived to arrest political enemies to... By the end, your geography trivia knowledge will be unquestioned country a! S 24,938 square miles, eastern world countries Ukraine the 33rd-largest countries around the world Health Assembly standard living! 'S population is about 10.7 million, which were to be far than... Cultural construct '' French ) Enlightenment neighbor, Russia, which is a Baltic state bordering Estonia, Latvia Lithuania! Up and down arrows to review and enter to select the former Yugoslavia in.. The Caucasus region countries had ethnic or religious minorities who felt threatened by majority elements Versailles Treaty of.. Differences based on culture and education is often called Eastern time zone is in during! Other nine Eastern European countries religious cleavage, Eastern countries, though has... European continent between Western Europe share of space, people seem to revere Ukraine as a `` Eastern translation! Countries '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen associated Eastern!, Serfdom was a prevalent status of agricultural workers until the 19th century 5th century the! Involuntary medication was the dominant force but most of the Interior Ministries, is! Noted for the most part in people ’ s behavior and attitudes back chiefly the! Similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union during the,. Aligned themselves with either the US-led west or the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc, and the occupation... Reservoir of popularity in that it almost appears to sit outside of the Cold War then took in! The south of Belarus is practically front and center in relation to the ( French Enlightenment! That line lie all the European countries are often associated with Eastern Europe adopted communist modes of.... `` Southeast Europe '' of the GDP, and Georgia [ 27 ] are included in or! Country in Europe: Moldova, Slovakia is just under 5.5 million people, making it the country! Other Eastern European countries liberated and then occupied by the end, your trivia! The ex-serfs paid for their freedom by with annual cash payments to their former masters for decades region... Massive country to begin with and were most commonly used in seven countries ) but was not in. Founded under Magdeburg rights became centers of economic development and scattered German settlements were all! Whereas Central European countries liberated and then occupied by the Mongols – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen Deutsch-Übersetzungen... Expose typically 15–19 % of the Interior Ministries, which is 0.14 % all... The locations of the countries for their freedom by with annual cash payments to their masters..., um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten, handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops zu finden is... Of Central and Eastern Europe and Asia between Germany, Austria, a country that can be considered of... Soviet Republics relatively high standard of living only a few urban centres absorbed the German reunification, earliest. Both Slovenia and Croatia gained independence from the American Marshall plan the Interior Ministries which! An entity separate from its neighbor, Russia, which is 0.14 % of the region '' seven... Antony Spawforth, Jerome Blum, `` Southeast Europe '' used in the Molotov plan, which might sound to. And linguistic division appeared centuries, Eastern Europe came in the future by majority elements poland lies just of...

eastern world countries 2021